Scripps Laboratories

Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) & Complexes

***Read how the addition of information from biological factors significantly increases the clinical utility of the serum PSA test. Get Scripps News Vol. 16 No. 2 now!

Background Information:

Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA), a glycoprotein of the glandular kallikrein family, is a serine protease with chymotrypsin-like enzymatic activity. It has a molecular weight of approximately 33,000-34,000 Da and is found primarily in prostate tissue and seminal fluid. Serum levels of PSA are very low in healthy individuals (0-4 ng/ml), but are often elevated in malignant and benign prostatic disease. As such, immunoassays for serum levels of PSA have proven useful in the diagnosis and follow-up of prostate cancer.

PSA released into circulation is present as unbound, free PSA (fPSA) or bound to serum protease inhibitors, such as α-antichymotrypsin (ACT) and α2-macroglobulin (A2M). Research indicates that immunoassays for serum levels of PSA alone cannot be relied on to distinguish prostate cancer from benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Serum levels of PSA-ACT complex are reportedly higher in patients with prostate cancer than in those with BPH. As such, measuring the ratio of PSA-ACT to fPSA in patient samples is proving valuable in the differential diagnosis os prostate cancer. In addition, immunoassays for PSA-A2M serum levels may prove valuable in prostate cancer diagnosis, but further study is required.

Scripps Laboratories is a world-leading producer and supplier of purified human PSA. Various purities and preparations are available. Products are prepared on-site and shipped to you directly. For Bulk Discounts or additional product information, please use the button below to send us a note.